You are now required to go to GCN training site to complete the bloodborne pathogens.
II. Bloodborne Pathogens (BBP)
- HIV (the virus that causes AIDS), HBV (Hepatitis B virus), and HCV (Hepatitis C virus) are microorganisms carried by human blood and other body fluids.
- The average number of new cases reported in 2011 by the CDC (Center of Disease Control)
HIV: 50,000/year estimated
HBV: 18,800/year estimated
HCV: 16,500/year estimated
HIV: No cure, no vaccine (attacks the body's immune system)
- Flu-like symptoms leading to more serious opportunistic infections to eventual death
- Carrier for many years before symptoms occur
- Prevention of HIV is through education
HBV: Hepatitis translates to "inflammation of the liver"
- Most people suffering from HBV will heal in approximately six month. Virus can be life threatening. Some people become chronic carriers
- Flu-like symptoms
- Asymptomatic until jaundice and more serious symptoms occur
- HBV can survive in dried blood on surfaces at room temperature for at least 7 days.
- Only blood test can confirm a positive infection
- Prevention of HBV through knowledge of methods of protection and immunization
HCV: Most common chronic bloodborne infection in the U.S
- Primarily transmitted through large amounts or repeated exposure to blood
- Most people infected are not aware that they are because of being asymptomatic.
- Infected people can infect others and are at risk for liver disease and other chronic diseases
III. Workplace Transmission
- Bloodborne pathogens are present in blood and other body fluids containing visible blood, semen, vaginal secretions, torn or loose skin, and potentially in urine, vomit, or stool
- BBP's can enter your body through open cuts, nicks, abrasions, dermatitis, acne or moist mucus membranes (mouth, eyes or nose)
- Potential exposure by cutting yourself with an infected sharp object able to penetrate skin
IV Indirect Transmission of BBP's
- By touching a contaminated surface and transferring it to your mouth, nose,eyes, or non-intact skin area.
V. Exposure Control Plan
- OSHA requirement for every workplace
- ECP outlines who, what, where and when of exposures
- Report all exposures to the nurse immediately
VI. Reducing the Risk of Exposure
- Treat all blood and body fluids as if they are potentially infectious. This is known as Standard Precautions (or Universal Precautions). This approach is critical, as carriers of BBP may have NO visible signs of their condition.
- Hand washing: It is the single most important work practice in preventing the spread of infection.
- Good hand washing is required after removal of glove
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)- use it
PPE is not only gloves, it also includes masks, gowns, barriers, cleansing agents for hands and goggles
- The type of PPE used will vary with the task and the exposure you anticipate
Spills: Call a custodian to clean up any body fluid spills and mark off spill area
Approved personnel only.
- If you clean up blood or body fluids Wear appropriate PPE
- Use a solution of 1 part bleach to 10 parts of water or 3/4 cup bleach to one gallon of water
VII. Hepatitis B Vaccine
- System identifies high risk employees and offers the vaccine at no cost
- The vaccine is offered at a discounted rate to any other employees interested
- The series can begin within 24 hours of exposure
- HBV immunization series is very safe and provides excellent protection, however nothing is 100% effective
VIII. Other Concerns
- Very minor nosebleed: have student pinch both nostrils with a tissue for a full 5 minutes keeping their head straight and tilted down slightly
- Major nosebleed: have student pinch both nostrils with a tissue and report to the nurses office keeping their head straight and tilted down slightly
- Any blood that had dripped onto desk floor should be reported to the custodian immediately to be cleaned properly
Click on the link below to complete the quiz on Bloodborne pathogens